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      Do You Know All Humans didn’t come from Africa | New Study Gives us a Twist on Evolution | Details Inside

      Do You Know from where did modern humans come from? The question is key to the study of evolution and it was believe that we all had our humble origins in Africa, but only until now.

      A new study has now introduce a new twist in the story of evolution as scientists propose that modern humans descended from two populations that lived in Africa for a million years individually before merging across the continent, indicating that there is no single birthplace of humanity.

      New study taps into genome data from modern-day African populations, offering insight into how this may have unfolded.

      The study publish in the journal Nature states that despite broad agreement that Homo sapiens originated in Africa, considerable uncertainty surrounds specific models of divergence and migration across the continent.

      As per researchers said in the paper :

      “Decades of study of human genome variation have suggested a predominantly tree-like model of recent population divergence from a single ancestral population in Africa. It has been difficult to reconcile this finding with the fossil and archaeological records of human occupation across the vast African continent,”.

      The global team of researchers from different institutions analyse the genomes of 290 living people and conduct large-scale simulations of human history feeding multiple scenarios of different populations existing in Africa to the software which could produce the diversity of DNA found in people living today.

      The research indicate that multiple ancestral groups from across Africa contribute to the emergence of Homo sapiens in a patchwork manner, migrating from one region to another and mixing with one another over hundreds of thousands of years.

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      The team analyse DNA from different groups arising in Africa from Mende, farmers living in Sierra Leone in West Africa to the Gumuz, a group descended from hunter-gatherers in Ethiopia, the Amhara, a group of Ethiopian farmers; and the Nama, a group of hunter-gatherers in South Africa, as per report.

      It has long been held that modern humans sprang across the world from Africa as the oldest fossil was unearthed on the continent.

      The fossil was 3,00,000 years old and archeologists have also find the oldest stone tools from the region as well, hinting at some sort of human settlement.

      The team compare the DNA of African people in the study with that of a person from Britain and the genome of a 50,000-year-old Neanderthal found in Croatia, another close relative of ancient humans.

      They conclude that the ancestors of our species exist in two different population groups dubbed Stem1 and Stem2 by the team led by Dr. Brenna Henn, a geneticist at the University of California, Davis.

      It also find that everyone alive today can trace their ancestry to at least two distinct populations that were present in Africa dating back about a million years.

      University of Wisconsin-Madison population geneticist Aaron Ragsdale, lead author of the study said :

      “All humans share a relatively recent common ancestry, but the story in the deeper past is more complicated than our species evolving in just a single location or in isolation,”.

      The ancestral groups were likely spread across a geographic landscape in a population structure that, Aaron Ragsdale said, “was weak,’ meaning that there was ongoing or at least recurrent migration between groups, and this maintain genetic similarity across ancestral populations.”

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      The fossil record is scanty in the time period that would be most informative about the emergence and spread of Homo sapiens, and there is no ancient DNA from skeletal or dental remains from these time periods, researchers said.

      SourceNature

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