As of now richest persons are Jeff Bezos and Elon Musk, with billions of dollars. if you look into the past, you can see that there have been even richer men whose fortunes world’s half of the world’s GDP.
List of Richest People in the History
Mansa Musa (1280-1337)
Mansa Moussa, who ruled the Malian Empire, live from 1280 to 1337 consider the richest man of all time.
Mansa Musa knew how to conquer Timbuktu and extend his empire to Niger and therefore the most important trade routes of the trans-Saharan trade.
He live from 1280 to 1337 and is consider the king of Timbuktu because of his influence on the city’s commerce and culture.
Mansa Musa also own the Bambuk gold mines which account for more than 50% of world supply today.
Its territory produce half of the world’s gold stock.
So it is not hard to believe that his wealth cannot be expressed in dollars, euros or any other amount or currency.
During his pilgrimage to Mecca, Mansa Musa took 60,000 people with him, each carrying nearly 2 kg of gold, and dozens of camels, weighing around 125 kg each, to distribute the fortune to the poor and mosques along the way.
The pilgrimage to Mecca is one of the five main pillars of Islam, and Mansa Musa decide to embark on Hajj in 1324-1325.
But, It was not like any other journey ever witness.
Mansa Musa quite literally paved his path to Mecca with gold and put his kingdom on the map.
Augustus Caesar (63 BC-AD 14)
Augustus reigne over the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 14, after the death of his father Julius Caesar, including Egypt.
He was one of the most successful leaders who led the transformation of Rome from a republic to an empire.
Augustus Caesar is the man behind the Pax Romana and was able to seize the power of a kingdom which also accounted for around 25-30% of the world’s GDP at the time.
Augustus Caesar could count on a personal fortune of around $4.6 trillion.
Akbar I (1542-1605)
Akbar I was India’s third Mughal emperor, from 1556 to 1605.
His territory was approximately at the level of present-day India and accounted for 25% of the world’s GDP.
The Mughals use the mansabdar system.
Means territories over which an officer is appointed to raise income from the land.
The emperor may require soldiers depending on the size of the territory.
These officers were not chosen hereditarily, which left Akbar deal of leeway.
Reigning over 15 such provinces, the Empire prove extremely beneficial for the emperor for collecting taxes, which contributed to his wealth.
Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919)
The Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist, Andrew Carnegie built his fortune in the 19th century who died in 1919.
Andrew Carnegie left the oil industry to Rockefeller and focus on the steel industry with the Carnegie Steel Company.
His fortune is estimate at $372 billion at the time.
Andrew Carnegie built over 1,600 public libraries in the United States.
It was important to invest in knowledge and he also injected tens of millions of dollars into American education.
Before Andrew Carnegie died, Andrew spent the last few years of his life as a philanthropist and donated 90% of his fortune to charities, universities and other organizations.
John D Rockefeller (1839-1937)
During the 20th century, this famous billionaire and oil tycoon, John Davison Rockefeller control 90% of the flow of “black gold” (Oil).
John D Rockefeller died in 1937 at the age of 97.
The creation of the Standard Oil Company, the largest oil company in the United States.
During that time he own 90% of all the oil.
The company was divided into 34 small businesses.
Among these still exist ExxonMobil, Chevron and BP.
John D. Rockefeller was also the first man to raise $1 billion.
Converted, his fortune would come to about $341 billion dollars.
After the first world war, John D Rockefeller has spent a lot of money for good causes and invest $250 million in his own organization, the Rockefeller Foundation.
Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov (1868-1918)
Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov is also known as Nicholas II the last Emperor of Russia and King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland.
He rule the Russian empire from 1894-1917 when Bolshevik revolutionaries overthrew and murder him and his family.
In 1916, Tsar Nicolas II’s net worth was nearly $900 million, which when adjuste with inflation, was equivalent to $300 billion in 2012. At $300 billion, it makes him the sixth richest human in history and since the Russian Orthodox Church canonized him, he is the richest saint in human history.
Mir Osman Ali Khan (1886-1967)
As per reports Mir Osman Ali Khan own 50 Rolls Royces and use the diamond as a paperweight in his office.
He is also known as The Nizam of Hyderabad.
Mir Osman Ali Khan was one of the 7 Nizam who rule Hyderabad until the country was invade by neighbouring India.
He had a personal gold collection that was worth over $100 million and own over $400 million worth of jewellery, including the famous Jacob Diamond which is worth $95 million today.
Mir Osman Ali Khan also had his own public currency, the Hyderabad Rupee, as well as possessing a vast private treasure and his portrait was publish on the cover of Time magazine in 1937.
Mir Osman Ali Khan estimate net worth was around $230 billion and can be consider the richest man in Indian history.
His Majesty was a benevolent ruler who was seriously involve in promoting education to the masses, science and construction.
Mir Osman Ali Khan made primary education compulsory for all citizens.
According to his decree, it was free for poor people.
William The Conqueror (1027-1087)
William the Conqueror live from 1028-1087 and was famous for invading and conquering England taking land and treasure from Sussex to Yorkshire and defeating Earl Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, where he became King William I.
The more kingdoms he conquers, the more he acquires wealth and that’s what he had done in his whole life.
When William The Conqueror died, he left the equivalent of $229.5 billion to his children.
Muammar Gaddafi (1942-2011)
The former Libyan colonel and dictator shocked the world in 2011 after being depose and killed by rebels.
Muammar Gaddafi consider himself king, exhibiting his wealth to the entire African continent, while the Libyan people live in misery.
He had exercise uncontest control over the largest oil reserves in Africa for the past 41 years where his investments help to increase his bank accounts.
At the time of Muammar Gaddafi death, the personal fortune of Muammar Gaddafi was estimate at the equivalent of about $200 billion in different banks around the world and in oil investments in the country.
The aircraft of the dictator Airbus A340 M cost around $100 million and the 333-meter cruise ship Phenicia was bought in 2012 by the Italian company Mediterranean Shipping Company for $697 million.
Henry Ford (1863-1947)
American businessman and founder of the famous Ford Motor Company, Henry dictate a vision that change the history of industrialization.
Henry Ford launched Ford T, one of the first cars with a gasoline engine, which would later sell 16 million copies.
He attributed the “Fordism” concept to the world, which consists of producing large quantities at a low cost through an assembly line.
Henry Ford became one of the richest men in the world, and today, we only see his legacy because he left his fortune to the care of the Ford Foundation.
Henry Ford fortune was estimate at $199 billion.
Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794-1877)
Cornelius was a great American entrepreneur and a major philanthropist who made his fortune through the merchant marine with cargo and passenger transport on the stretches between Manhattan, Albany and New York.
It was also one of the pioneers to invest in railroads during United States industrialization.
As it is estimated that Cornelius Vanderbilt manage to accumulate $185 billion until his death in 1877 at the age of 82.
Much of his will went to his 12 children and wife.
One of the only works that remaine from this legacy was the University of Vanderbilt, to which he left 1 million for its construction in memoriam.
Cornelius Vanderbilt net worth was equivalent to 1.15% of the annual GDP of the United States in 1877.
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