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      Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Maharashtra and Haryana Have Most Comprehensive EV Policies in India : Study

      Delhi, Maharashtra, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh have the most comprehensive electric vehicle policies with the widest range of parameters, including budget allocations, charging infrastructure and job creation, as per a new study.

      The study by Climate Trends, ‘Analysis Of State Electric Vehicle Policies And Their Impact‘, assesses the comprehensiveness of EV policies of 26 states and Union territories base on 21 parameters.

      Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Kerala, and Uttarakhand offer between three to 7 of the 21 define parameters in their policies, making them the least comprehensive, as per study.

      Of the 26 states and UTs which have released EV policies over the last 5 years, 16 of them have release between 2020 and 2022, as per study.

      None of the 8 states, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Delhi, that release their policies before October 2020 are on track to meet their targets of EV penetration, charging infrastructure or investments, as per study.

      Study said EV policies of the 9 states and UTs, Delhi, Odisha, Bihar, Chandigarh, Andaman & Nicobar, Maharashtra, Haryana, Rajasthan and Meghalaya have the strongest demand side incentives.

      Tamil Nadu, Haryana and Andhra Pradesh have the strongest supply side incentives, with special support to boost EV manufacturing, apart from incentives offer in the state’s industrial policy, as per study.

      Only 9 states, Chandigarh, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Delhi, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Ladakh have mandate the creation of charging infrastructure in new residential buildings, offices, parking lots, malls and other, as per study.

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      Only 8 states have specific targets for electrification of fleets such as last mile delivery vehicles, aggregator cabs, government vehicles, Maharashtra, Delhi, Haryana, Karnataka, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Andaman & Nicobar.

      Delhi’s EV penetration stands at 7.2% as of November 2022 against its target of 25% by 2024.

      Tamil Nadu has no define target but EV penetration is a mere 2.02% of registered vehicles, as per study.

      Electrification of public transport is lagging across all 8 states.

      Tamil Nadu aims for 5% of buses to be electric, but has no e-buses on the ground yet.

      Kerala aims for 6,000 buses by 2025 but has only 56 on ground, as per study.

      Delhi, with the highest charging stations and points, has only made it to 9.6% of its 2024 target of having 30,000 charging stations.

      In all other 7 states, publicly available data shows public and semi public charging stations to be between 100 to 500 only.

      Aarti Khosla, Director, Climate Trends Said :

      “With e-mobility expansion placed as one of the key pillars in achieving faster decarbonisation across the country, the success of state EV policies is both significant and necessary for India’s carbon reduction goals.”

      “It is a good sign that the majority of Indian states have EV policies, however a successful transition to zero emission transport depends on the effectiveness of their design and implementation,”.

      “It also depends on having a national transport electrification target, which currently doesn’t exist in India. Our study shows that few state policies have comprehensive designs which balance EV sales, manufacturing and overall ecosystem growth.

      “There are gaps in implementation, leading to slower on-ground impact, which need to be addressed through better regulation, improved monitoring, mechanisms and capacity building of stakeholders across the policy value chain,”.

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