Heart attack or Acute Myocardial infarction is a serious condition which happen when the blood flow to the heart muscle is cut off and causes harm to the heart muscle. Myocardial infarction was thought to be an issue for the elderly.
A heart attack in someone under the age of 40 was uncommon, but now one in every five-heart attack patient are under the age of 40.
Also it’s more typical to have a heart attack in your 20s or early 30s.
Between 2000 and 2016, the rate of heart attacks at this young age group increase by 2% each year.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) with other complications, can lead to Myocardial infarction, which can even result in sudden death.
The illness conveys critical suffering, impacts mental health, and requires momentary expenses for the treatment that can be a burden on the individual and the family when it occurs at a young age.
Causes of Myocardial Infarction
- Excessive drinking and smoking
- Poor Lifestyle Routine
The coronary heart disease in young adults has slowly increase due to smoking, obesity, lack of physical activity, and other reasons that put pressure on the cardiovascular system.
As heart is one of the vital organs of the human body, without which the body has no meaning.
When the arteries that carry oxygen-rich blood gets block, it interrupts the blood flow or can stop it completely, resulting in a heart attack.
Diagnose of Myocardial Infarction
To confirm it is a Myocardial infarction, expert will investigate the medical history of your symptoms with clinical examination like blood pressure, pulse rate, ECG, Echo cardiography and troponin test.
Then, a overall examination is necessary to know the potential risk factors that are associate with your heart damage.
Treatment for Myocardial Infarction
Conditions like acute Myocardial Infarction or heart attack in general terms need immediate attention by the doctor.
The exact treatment of actuti Myocardial Infarction or heart attach is urgent coronary angioplasty and primary angioplasty.
Rarely some patient might need other methods of arterial revascularization
The medications that are given with interventional procedures are :
- Blood Thinners
- Antiplatelet drugs
- Pain and stress relievers
- Medications that can help in dissolving clots
- Medications for blood pressure and many others.
Prevention of Myocardial Infarction
- Eat a balance diet rich in fiber
- Reduce consumption of sodium and salt
- Avoid package food
- Monitor your blood sugar level, blood pressure levels and cholesterol
- Quit smoking and avoid inhaling secondhand smoke
- Maintain healthy lifestyle
10 Important Points about Heart attack or Myocardial infarction
- Definition : A heart attack or Acute Myocardial Infarction, is a medical emergency that occurs when there is a sudden blockage of blood flow to a portion of the heart muscle, leading to tissue damage or death of heart cells.
- Causes : The most common cause of heart attacks is the buildup of fatty deposits, cholesterol, and other substances in the coronary arteries, known as atherosclerosis. This can lead to the formation of blood clots that block the arteries.
- Symptoms : Common symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain or discomfort (angina), shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, cold sweats, and pain radiating to the arm, neck, jaw, or back.
- Risk Factors : Risk factors for heart attacks include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, diabetes, family history of heart disease and a sedentary lifestyle.
- Diagnosis : Diagnosis is typically made through a combination of medical history, physical examination, blood tests (for cardiac enzymes), electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), and imaging tests like coronary angiography.
- Treatment : Immediate treatment for a heart attack often involves medications like aspirin, clot-busting drugs, and procedures such as angioplasty with stent placement or coronary artery bypass surgery to restore blood flow to the heart.
- Complications : Complications of a heart attack can include heart failure, arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), cardiogenic shock, and damage to other vital organs due to reduce blood flow.
- Prevention : Preventive measures include lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, adopting a heart-healthy diet, regular exercise, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and managing diabetes.
- Gender Differences : Heart attacks can present differently in women than in men, and women are often more likely to experience atypical symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, and back pain. Recognizing these differences is crucial for prompt diagnosis and treatment.
- Recovery and Rehabilitation : After a heart attack, cardiac rehabilitation programs help patients recover and reduce the risk of future heart problems through exercise, education, and support.
Acute Myocardial Infarction is a very serious condition, and its increasing cases in young peoples and its a warning signs that should not be taken lightly.
By a little bit of alertness, self-care, and a healthy lifestyle, you can avoid the risk of this dangerous disease.
DISCLAIMER : If the problem isn’t solved by lifestyle changes alone then don’t hesitate to consult a doctor as this article is for knowledge base.