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ED Freezes WazirX Funds Worth Rs 64-Cr for 'Assisting' in Money Laundering | Details Inside | 2YODOINDIA

ED Freezes WazirX Funds Worth Rs 64-Cr for ‘Assisting’ in Money Laundering | Details Inside

Enforcement Directorate (ED) said it has frozen Rs. 64.67 crore worth bank deposits of one of India’s prominent crypto currency exchanges WazirX as part of an ongoing money laundering probe against some fraud smartphone-based loan dishing apps “backed by” Chinese funds.

The federal agency said it conduct raids against Sameer Mhatre, a director of Zanmai Lab Pvt Ltd (which owns WazirX) on 3rd August 2022 as he was not forthcoming with information being sought from him and was “non-cooperative”.

The ED issue a statement and said the exchange and its executives were “giving contradictory and ambiguous answers to evade oversight by Indian regulatory agencies”.

The agency said it found that a number of fintech companies involve in “predatory lending” through mobile apps in the country “diverted maximum amounts of funds to WazirX exchange and the crypto-assets so purchased have been diverted to unknown foreign wallets”.

The ED has charge WazirX on at least four counts of displaying non-cooperative behaviour that force it to hit a wall in the investigation against the menace of instant loan apps.

Zanmai Labs Pvt Ltd has create a web of agreements with Crowdfire USA, Binance (Cayman Islands), Zettai Pte Ltd Singapore to “obscure” the ownership of the crypto exchange (WazirX), it alleged.

ED said :

“Their Managing Director Mr Nischal Shetty had claimed that WazirX is an Indian exchange which controls all the crypto-crypto and inr-crypto transactions and only has an IP and preferential agreement with Binance.” “But now, Zanmai claims that they are involved in only inr-crypto transactions, and all the other transactions are done by Binance on WazirX,”.

Also ED said WazirX works from a cloud-base software (@AWS Mumbai) and all employees work from home and the register office is a two chair coworking space.

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ED said :

“All crypto-crypto transactions are controlled by Binance, which is again without any known office, any known employee and rarely responds to queries on [email protected],”.

The agency alleged that despite giving repeated opportunities, WazirX “fail to give the crypto transactions of the suspect fintech app companies and reveal the KYC of the wallets.” “Most of the transactions are not recorded on the blockchain also,”.

WazirX inform that prior to July 2020, they did not even record the details of the bank account from which funds were coming into the exchange to purchase crypto assets and that no physical address verification was done, the ED said.

ED said :

“There is no check on the source of funds of their clients. No EDD (enhanced customer due diligence) is done. No STRs (suspicious transaction reports) were raised,”.

Sameer Mhatre said :

ED had complete remote access to the database of WazirX, but despite that he is not providing the details of the transactions relating to the crypto assets, purchase from the proceeds of crime of instant loan app fraud.  

ED said :

“The lax KYC norms, loose regulatory control of transactions between WazirX and Binance, non-recording of transactions on blockchains to save costs and non-recording of the KYC of the opposite wallets has ensured that WazirX is not able to give any account for the missing crypto assets,”.  

It has made no efforts to trace these crypto assets.

By encouraging obscurity and having lax AML (anti-money laundering )norms, it (WazirX) has actively assist around 16 accuse fintech companies in laundering the proceeds of crime using the crypto route, ED said.

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ED said :

“Therefore, equivalent movable assets to the extent of Rs. 64.67 crore lying with WazirX were frozen under the PMLA,”.

ED has probing the instant loan app alleged fraud cases and has said that a number of NBFC (non-banking financial companies) and their fintech partners were indulging in predatory lending practices in violation of the RBI guidelines and by using tele-callers who misuse personal data and use abusive language to extort high interest rates from loan takers.  

Various fintech companies, ED said, back by Chinese funds, could not get NBFC license from RBI for carrying out lending business and hence they devise the MoU route with defunct NBFCs to piggyback on their license.

As ED said as its criminal probe under the anti-money laundering law began, many of these fintech apps shut shop and diverted away their huge profits using the above modus operandi.  

ED said :

“While doing fund trail investigation, ED found that large amounts of funds were diverted by the fintech companies to purchase Crypto assets and then launder them abroad. These companies and the virtual assets are untraceable at the moment,”.  

WazirX, in 2021, got a Rs. 2,790 crore worth show cause notice from the ED for alleged contravention of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA).

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