Zika cases are on the rise in various districts of Uttar Pradesh with 16 more cases of the mosquito-borne disease being reports from Kanpur which take the tally beyond the 100-mark. The fresh tally of 106 cases includes nine men and seven women.
As per IANS, two of the patients who are in an advance stage of pregnancy come from the Zika epicentre of the Chakeri area in Kanpur.
One patient test positive on Saturday from the Kannauj district.
What is the Zika Virus?
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys.
Zika virus disease is cause by a virus transmit primarily by Aedes mosquitoes, which bite during the day.
Zika virus is primarily transmit by the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes aegypti, in tropical and subtropical regions.
Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day, peaking during early morning and late afternoon/evening.
This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.
Zika Virus During Pregnancy
Zika virus is also transmit from mother to fetus during pregnancy, through sexual contact, transfusion of blood and blood products, and organ transplantation.
Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.
From the 1960s to 1980s, rare sporadic cases of human infections were found across Africa and Asia, typically accompanied by mild illness.
Symptoms of Zika Virus
Symptoms include mild and include fever, rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache.
Symptoms typically last for 2-7 days.
Most people with Zika virus infection do not develop symptoms.
Congenital Zika Syndrome
Infection with Zika virus is also associated with other complications of pregnancy including preterm birth and miscarriage.
During pregnancy, it can cause infants to be born with microcephaly and other congenital malformations, called congenital Zika syndrome.
An increased risk of neurologic complications is associate with Zika virus infection in adults and children.
The complications also include Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy and myelitis.
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